OIL COMPANIES, CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND CONFLICT IN HOST COMMUNITIES: A STUDY OF COMMUNITIES IN SELECTED LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS IN RIVERS STATE

Helen Oziri Mmecha (PhD), Christopher Achinike Mmecha (PhD)

Abstract


It has been observed that in spite of the several programmes and projects implemented under the corporate social responsibility initiatives by oil companies in Rivers State, conflict between oil companies and their host communities has persisted.  This study examined the relationship between the level of community involvement in corporate social responsibility planning and implementation and conflict between the oil companies and their host communities in some selected Local Government Areas in Rivers State. Stakeholder theory was adopted as theoretical framework for this study. The study utilized survey research design to study 290 respondents comprising some categories of people from the host communities who were selected through cluster, stratified and purposive sampling techniques.  The sample size of 168 respondents was determined through Taro Yamane scientific formula. Quantitative and qualitative data were gathered through questionnaire, key informant interview and personal observation. To analyze the data on the research questions, the statistical tool of criterion mean and Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) analytical tool were utilized while the hypothesis was tested through Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) tool. The study found that the level of community involvement in CSR planning and implementation in host communities is low and there is a significant positive relationship between the level of community involvement in CSR implementation and the persistence of conflict between the oil companies and their host communities. It is recommended that the General Memorandum of Understanding (GMoU) adopted by some oil companies should be designed to guarantee measurability and strict compliance; oil companies should maintain a higher level of community involvement in CSR implementation and efforts should be made to involve credible persons in the processes.


Keywords


Oil Companies, Corporate Social Responsibility, Conflict, Community Involvement

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